Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born. The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber. And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan. And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.(Genesis 10:21-30)
Noah’s Son Shem, was given a special blessing, distinct from his two brothers, for Noah had prophesied that Shem would peculiarly be associated with the name of God , “Blessed Be the LORD God of Shem…”.
To Shem was vouchsafed the custody of the true worship, and of the Revelation of the only true God.
The Messiah himself, the long promised “Seed of the woman” would come through the line of Shem, bringing God’s salvation to the entire world by crushing the serpent’s head, yet by sustaining a painful wounding , as the primal prophecy foretold.
The introduction to Shem, in the table of nations bypasses two generations, declaring Shem to be the “father of all of the children of Eber”. It is from the name of Eber , the son of Salah, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem , that we get the name Hebrew.
The Name “Eber” or “Hebrew” means “one who crosses over”. This is spiritually significant because one who would know “the God of Shem” would have to “cross over” from the world into the Kingdom, as the Hebrews crossed over the Euphrates river, the Red Sea, and the Jordan river, into the promised land. All true believers are Hebrews in the sense that by repentance and faith they cross over.
Shem’s sons Elam and Assur would also become mighty nations; the Elamites and the Medes becoming the Medo-Persian people, and Asshurr gave rise to the Assyrian Empire. Lud became the Lydians(according to Josephus), and Aram became the Aramean Empire (Syria), for a short time Aramaic became the world language.
Eber had a Son named Peleg, of whom it was said, “…In His days was the earth divided”, referring to the judgment at Babel.
The Gospel of Luke has a genealogy of Jesus which takes us from Adam to Christ, and through Shem’s line;
…Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor, Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem…(Luke 3:34-36)