Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.(Jeremiah 31:31-34)
One of the unique aspects of Israel, is that she alone of all of the nations of the earth, has been brought into a successive set of covenants with God, through which God deals with Israel and through her, all of humanity.
The Abrahamic covenant is an unconditional covenant giving Israel a land, a promise of millions of descendants, blessing from God, and through the seed of Abraham, blessing for every family on earth.
The Mosaiac covenant is a conditional covenant which established for Israel the conditions whereby she could remain in the Land.It features Blessing/Cursing sanctions according to Israel’s observance of the laws,statutes and ordinances of the Covenant.
The Davidic Covenant re-iterated the Land promise, but specified a Kingly rule, through the line of David. David and his sons entered into Adoption by God, David would be the Son of God and God would be His father.
The Davidic covenant was both conditional and unconditional, in the sense that God promised to chastise any of David’s sons who erred, but assured Israel that one of David’s seed would rule on the throne forever!
The New Covenant was announced by the prophets Jeremiah,Isaiah and Ezekiel. Jeremiah prophesied immediately before the Babylonian captivity, when it became evident that Israel, ad the remnant nation Judah had failed to keep the Mosaic covenant and were coming under the curse of the covenant, in spite of the Temple, it’s redemptive services, the Prophets and their warnings and the reforms of some of the better Kings of Israel, such as Hezekiah and Josiah.
And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it. And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.(Leviticus 26:32-33)
The New Covenant was not addressed to the Baptists or the Assemblies of God, originally it was extended as a continuity to the other Covenants God gave to Israel,”… to the house of Israel and the house of Judah…”.
Ironically neither Judah or Israel as a whole have yet entered into it.
Other than the case of individual Jews such as Saul of Tarsus, Peter, James, John, and the earliest church which was almost entirely Jewish, the New Covenant remains unfulfilled by the nation of Israel.
Therefore up until very recently the Jewish people remain under the “curse of the Law” of Moses, the sanctions of the previous conditional Covenant are fulfilled every single day against them,
And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the Lord thy God. And it shall come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the Lord will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it. And the Lord shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the Lord shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life: In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.(Deuteronomy 28:62-67)
Has not this been the sad testimony of the Jewish people wherever they have been scattered across the globe, in this extended ‘night’ season from 70 AD up until the late 1940s? Doesn’t this describe the endless wandering, pograms, uprisings, Hamans, Hitlers Stalins, Saddam Husseins, building and tearing down, only to have to build up again, and then to have to move away suddenly?
The LORD announced the New Covenant for Israel , to replace the Old, conditional, often broken covenant of blessing and curses.Just as Moses had to go back up the mountain to replace the first Law, a New Covenant is Necessitated.
Rather than a Law external and written on Stone, God himself would write the Law on the hearts of men, through a NEW Birth, He would remove the stony heart of insensitivity to God, and replace it with a new tender heart, responsive to God, able to worship in Spirit and in Truth.
In the unconditional New Covenant, inaugurated between God and Himself, (As in the Abrahamic covenant) Men would be able to undergo a NEW Birth . The Bloody sacrifice that God came through, was not this time a broken Bull,Ram or sheep, but through the broken body of the Messiah.
“This is the cup of the New Covenant, shed in my blood for the remission of sins…”.
Not very far geographically from where Abram offered his son Isaac, on Mt Moriah, the Messiah offered himself a sacrifice to God to inaugurate the New Covenant. Abram said “God will provide HIMSELF a Ram”, then saw a Ram trapped by the horns on a thicket of thorns. But the Messiah’s head was crowned with thorns, when He offered himself.
All who would come out from under the curse of the broken Law, must believe in their hearts that Jeshua Messiah, died for their sins to satisfy the claims of the Law of God against them. By this turning and faith they enter into the New Covenant, and can legitimately exit the old.
The New Covenant is the Feast held by the King in Jesus’ parable, that the near friends of the King failed to come into, giving this excuse or that. The King decided if his friends weren’t coming, he would bring in the “Riff raff”, the poor, lame, beggar, “non people” to enjoy the feast.
This is how it is that a thoroughly Jewish concept, the NEW Covenant, promised to the house of Israel and of Judah, has ended up being the spiritual habitation of gentiles from every tribe and tongue for two thousand years. Moses warned them from the beginning,
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.(Deuteronomy 32:21)
But there are provisions of the New Covenant, which no gentile could fulfill. The time is near when the chosen people, who failed to enter into the wedding feast will be brought fully into it. As Paul says, if their casting away be mercy for the gentiles, what shall their return be, but resurrection of the dead for the whole world!”.